Capillary lesions are called hemangioma, telangiectasia, angioma, or port-wine stain. These lesions have a structure close to the skin surface and cause the skin to appear pink, red or purple.
Laser capillary treatment is a method that has been used for many years and is developing and becoming widespread. Laser devices that emit yellow light and allow selective targeting of capillaries have been used in capillary treatment since the early 1980’s and provide excellent clinical results. Usually, repeated sessions are needed for laser capillary treatment.
The vast majority of telangiectasia and spider veins can be treated with 4 sessions of laser application. Laser capillary treatment should be planned individually according to each patient’s lesions.
The dose of laser energy is adjusted individually according to the lesion in different patients and the intervals of sessions can vary from a few weeks to a few months and is also determined according to the characteristics of the lesion. Anesthetic creams can be applied to the area to be treated to reduce the pain sensation in the area where laser capillary treatment is applied and to make the application more comfortable for the patient.
Research to date has shown that laser vascular therapy is effective and safe. However, there is no guarantee that every patient’s complaint can be solved 100%.
Lasers have been used in vascular therapy applications since the 1970’s. However, the results were not very satisfactory during these periods and were considerably related to skin color. After the use of new wavelengths and variable pulse times, laser vascular treatment has become safer and extremely successful results can be achieved.
Ideal parameters can be obtained by adjusting the wavelength, pulse duration and diameter of the laser beam. In general, light energy produced by laser devices with longer wavelengths can reach deeper layers of the skin and target deep veins.